A list of publically available standards can be found here. 

Used by financial institutions, merchandising and petroleum companies, Issuer Identification Numbers (IINs), identify card issuers and tell acquirers and card issuers how to route a transaction. You can find out how to apply for an IIN and all payment information here.

Used by point of sale terminal manufacturers for the construction of terminal identification numbers (TIDs). You can find out how to apply for a RID and all payment information here.

The RID is part of an application identifier (AID) which is structured according to ISO/IEC 7816-5. You can find out how to apply for a RID as part of ISO/IEC 7816-5 and all payment information here.